Bee Facts...

  • Basic Bee Biology
  • Bee Diversity in Canada
  • Why we Need Bees
  • How You Can Help Bees

What Are Bees?

Bees are a a group of wasps that have given up the predaceous lifestyle of feeding their offspring with animal protein (e.g., mostly other arthropods), instead provisioning their nests with plant derived protein, mainly in the form of pollen. Thus bees are dependent on flowers, and this relationship has made them the most important pollinators. Like their other wasp relatives, nest building bees will excavate nests in the ground or other materials (e.g., decomposing wood) or will occupy pre-existing cavities. Nest building bees range in sociality from entirely solitary species (i.e., most bee species) to more complex levels of communalism and nest entrance sharing, to the development of castes (i.e., non-reporducing female workers and queens) with annual or perrenial colony cycles. Other bees are cleptoparasites, with females using the nests and provisions of host bees to rear their own young. 

Latest Buzz

 

2019

August 30, 2019

Zachary M. Portman, Michael C. Orr, and Terry Griswold published a review and updated classification of pollen gathering behavior in bees

A review and updated classification of pollen gathering behavior in bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea)

 

August 27, 2019

Thomas M. Onuferko, Petr Bogusch, Rafael R. Ferrari and Laurence Packer published  on the phylogeny and biogeography of the cleptoparasitic bee genus Epeolus with a cophylogenetic analysis with its host bee genus Colletes

Phylogeny and biogeography of the cleptoparasitic bee genus Epeolus (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and cophylogenetic analysis with its host bee genus Colletes (Hymenoptera: Colletidae)

 

August 19, 2019

Brenna Decker and Alexandra Harmon-Threatt publish on the effects of burn season on bee and plant communities

Growing or dormant season burns: the effects of burn season on bee and plant communities

 

August 15, 2019

Hollis Woodard and colleagues publish on the effect of diet and nutritional status on queen bumble bees

Diet and nutritional status during early adult life have immediate and persistent effects on queen bumble bees

 

August 14, 2019

Susan Chan and colleages published on the risks of systemic pesticides in agricultural soils to ground nesting bees

 

Assessment of risk to hoary squash bees (Peponapis pruinosa) and other ground-nesting bees from systemic insecticides in agricultural soil

 

August 2019

Brian N. Danforth, Robert L. Minckley and John L. Neff published their new book The Solitary Bees. Biology, Evolution, Conservation

The Solitary Bees. Biology, Evolution, Conservation

 

August 2019

Irena Valterova and colleagues publish a review of bumble bee male pheromones

 

Sexual attraction: a review of bumblebee male pheromones

 

July 19, 2019

Hanna Chole and colleagues published a review of regulation and mechanisms determining body size in bees, and its relationship to social organization

 

Body size variation in bees: regulation, mechanisms, and relationship to social organization

 

July 2019

Paul Williams and colleagues published a revision of the bumble bee subgenus Alpinobombus

The arctic and alpine bumblebees of the subgenus Alpinobombus revised from integrative assessment of species' gene coalescents and morphology (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombus)

 

June 2019

Victoria MacPhail and colleagues publish on citizen science and assessment of the American Bumble Bee, Bombus pensylvanicus in Canada

Incorporating citizen science, museum specimens, and field work into the assessment of extinction risk of the American Bumble bee (Bombus pensylvanicus De Geer 1773) in Canada

 

January 24, 2019

Andrew M.R. Bennett, Cory S. Sheffield, and Jeremy R. deWaard publish a summary paper on the Hymenoptera of Canada

Hymenoptera of Canada

 

January 10, 2019

Kirsten Palmier and Cory Sheffield published occurrence data for Bombus impatiens in the prairie provinces, and its implications

First records of the Common Eastern Bumble Bee, Bombus impatiens Cresson (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Apinae, Bombini) from the Prairies Ecozone in Canada

 

2018

 

December 2018

Cory Sheffield and Jennifer Heron publish an annotated checklist of the bees of British Columbia

The bees of British Columbia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Apiformes)

 

November 5, 2018

Michael Orr, James Pitts and Terry Griswold published a revision of the Anthophora subgenus Micranthophora

Revision of the bee group Anthophora (Micranthophora) (Hymenoptera: Apidae), with notes on potential conservation concerns and a molecular phylogeny of the genus

 

June 9, 2018

Barry Hicks and colleagues published on the threat of pathogen spillover to native bumble bees inside that venture inside commercial coloonies of Bombus impatiens

Observations of native bumble bees inside of commercial colonies of Bombus impatiens (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and the potential for pathogen spillover

 

May 23, 2018

Sophie Cardinal published a book chapter on global bee diversity through geological time

Bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) diversity through time

 

May 18, 2018

Manuela Sann and colleagues published a phylogenomic anaysis on the sister group to the bees

Phylogenomic analysis of Apoidea sheds new light on the sister group of bees

 

May 12, 2018

The FAO's Global Action on Pollination Services for Sustainable Agriculture published an important two-volume compendium on cultivated plant pollination.

The pollination of cultivated plants: A compendium for practitioners

 

May 8, 2018

Thomas M. Onuferko (York University) published a key to the species of the cleptoparasitic bees of the genus Epeolus in the Nearctic region

A revision of the cleptoparasitic bee genus Epeolus Latreille for Nearctic species, north of Mexico (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

 

May 7, 2018

Dino McMahon and colleagues published a review article on viruses in bees

Emerging Viruses in Bees: From Molecules to Ecology

 

March 1, 2018

Kyle Martins and colleagues published on how croplands and surrounding landscapes sustain wild bees

Complementary crops and landscape features sustain wild bee communities

 

April 2018

Cory Sheffield and Jennifer Heron published on a new record of the very rare Macropis Cuckoo Bee, Epeoloides pilosulus, from Alberta, Canada

A new western Canadian record of Epeoloides pilosulus (Cresson), with discussion of ecological associations, distribution and conservation status in Canada

 

2017

 

December 2017

Cory Sheffield and Jennifer Heron published on an unusual specimen of Lasioglossum from British Columbia

An unusual specimen of the subgenus Lasioglossum Curtis from British Columbia, Canada (Hymenoptera, Halictidae)

 

October 6, 2017

Cory Sheffield and colleages published on the status of the the DNA barcoding bees in Canada

Contribution of DNA barcoding to the study of the bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Canada: progress to date

 

March 30, 2017

Thomas Onuferko published an online key to the species of the cleptoparasitic bees of the genus Epeolus in Canada. A corrogendum for this work was also published  

Cleptoparasitic Bees of the Genus Epeolus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Canada

Corrigendum: Cleptoparasitic Bees of the Genus Epeolus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Canada

 

2016

 

February 11 2016

Cory Sheffield and colleagues published on the biogeography and designatable units of Bombus occidentalis and B. terricola for conservation status assessment

Biogeography and designatable units of Bombus occidentalis Greene and B. terricola Kirby (Hymenoptera: Apidae) with implications for conservation status assessments

 

2015

 

December 2015

Jennifer Heron and Cory Sheffield published on the first record of a member of the Lasioglossum petrellum species group from Canada

First record of the Lasioglossum (Dialictus) petrellum species group in Canada