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Nomada bethunei Cockerell, 1903


Scientific Name: Nomada bethunei Cockerell, 1903

Common Name: Bethune's Nomad Cuckoo Bee


Nomada bethunei Cockerell, 1903: 607 [♂].

     Holotype ♂. "CANADA", by Baker [Baker collection no. 2174] [USNM no. 13159].

Nomada (Xanthidium) pseudops Cockerell, 1905: 189 [♀]. Synonymy by Droege et al. (2010: 7).

     Holotype ♀. USA, Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 8 June 1903, by S. Graenicher [UCMC no. 0000107].


Taxonomic notes: This species was named for the Rev. C.J.S. Bethune.

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAD7932

Biology: Cane (1983) indicated that this species was the most common (i.e., 90%) nest parasite around nests of Andrena alleghaniensis Viereck.

Distribution in Canada: Cockerell 1903 [Canada]; Droege et al. 2010 [ON]; Richards et al. 2011 [ON]; Pindar 2014 [ON]; Normandin et al. 2017 [QC].



Normandin É, Vereecken NJ, Buddle CM, Fournier V (2017) Taxonomic and functional trait diversity of wild bees in different urban settings. PeerJ 5: e3051.

Richards MH, Rutgers-Kelly A, Gibbs J, Vickruck JL, Rehan SM, Sheffield CS (2011) Bee diversity in naturalizing patches of Carolinian grasslands in southern Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 143(3): 279-299.

Droege S, Rightmyer MG, Sheffield CS, Brady SG (2010) New synonymies in the bee genus Nomada from North America (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Zootaxa 2661: 1-32.

Cockerell TDA (1903) North American bees of the genus Nomada. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 55: 580-614.

Cockerell TDA (1905) Some bees of the genus Nomada from Wisconsin. The Canadian Entomologist 37(5): 189–191.

Cane JH (1983) Olfactory evaluation of Andrena host nest suitability by kleptoparasitic Nomada bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Animal Behavior 31: 138-144.

Pindar AN (2014) The effect of fire disturbance on bee community composition in Oak Savannah habitat in southern Ontario, Canada. PhD Thesis, York University, Toronto. xiv + 160

Sociality: Parasitic
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable
Wintering Stage: Adult

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: Ontario, Quebec
Ecozone: Mixwood Plains

Distribution Map