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Sphecodes solonis Graenicher, 1911


Scientific Name: Sphecodes solonis Graenicher, 1911

Common Name: Sphecodes solonis


Sphecodes solonis Graenicher, 1911: 229 [♀, ♂].

     Syntypes ♀, ♂. USA, Wisconsin, Douglas County, Solon Springs, 7-15 July 1909 [Public Museum of Milwaukee nos. 32833, 28399] 

Sphecodes morsei Mitchell, 1956: 213 [♀]. Synonymy by Mitchell (1960: 495).

     Holotype ♀. USA, Vermont, Ascutney, 14 August [no year provided], by A.P. Morse [MCZ no. 32863]. 

Sphecodes packardi Mitchell, 1956: 216 [♂]. Synonymy by Mitchell (1960: 495).

     Holotype ♂. USA, New Hampshire, Glen House, 24 July 1915 [MCZ no. 30460].


Taxonomic Notes:

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAF2965

Biology: This species is a cleptoparasite, most likely of other sweat bees.

Distribution in Canada: Mitchell 1960 [ON]; Armbruster and Gunn 1989 [AK]; Sugar et al. 1996 [ON]; Sheffield et al. 2009 [NS]; Hicks 2011 [NF]; Evans 2013 [AB]; Normandin et al. 2017 [QC]; Sheffield and Heron 2019 [BC]; Hicks and Sheffield 2021 [LB]; Gibbs et al. 2023 [MB]; BOLD [YT, NT, AB, SK, NB, NS]; Discover Life [PE]

Extent of Occurrence (EOO) in Canada ( 5,239,813 km2

Index of Area of Occupancy (IAO) in Canada ( 336 km2



Graenicher S (1911) Bees of northwestern Wisconsin. Bulletin of the Public Museum of Milwaukee 1: 221‑249. 

Mitchell TB (1956) New species of Sphecodes from the eastern United States. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 72: 206‑222.

Mitchell TB (1960) Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume 1. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 141: 1-538.

Sociality: Parasitic
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable
Wintering Stage: Adult

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Mixwood Plains, Pacific Maritime, Prairie, Taiga Plains

Distribution Map