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Sphecodes heraclei heraclei Robertson, 1897


Scientific Name: Sphecodes heraclei heraclei Robertson, 1897

Common Name: Sphecodes heraclei heraclei


Sphecodes heraclei Robertson, 1897: 318 [♀].

     Holotype ♀. USA, Illinois [INHS].

Sphecodes ignitus Cockerell, 1922: 13 [♂]. Synonymy by Mitchell (1960: 490, as subspecies).

     Holotype ♂. USA, Florida, Ocala, 24 October 1919 [USNM no. 24887].


Taxonomic Notes: The ♂ of S. heraclei heraclei was was keyed by Robertson (1903: 106), but described in detail by Mitchell (1960: 490).

The ♀ of S. ignitus was described by Graenicher (1930: 158). It is a much redder form that is recognized as a valid subspecies of the southeastern USA (Mitchell 1960).


Distribution in Canada: Sugar et al. 1999 [ON]; Richards et al. 2011 [ON]; Onuferko 2015 [ON]. 


Cockerell TDA (1922) Bees in the collection of the United States National Museum.—4. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 60: 1-20.

Mitchell TB (1960) Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume 1. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 141: 1-538.

Onuferko T, Kutby R, Richards M (2015) A list of bee species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) recorded from three municipalities in the Niagara region of Ontario, including a new record of Lasioglossum furunculum Gibbs (Halictidae) in Canada. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 146: 3-22.

Richards MH, Rutgers-Kelly A, Gibbs J, Vickruck JL, Rehan SM, Sheffield CS (2011) Bee diversity in naturalizing patches of Carolinian grasslands in southern Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 143(3): 279-299.

Robertson C (1897) North American bees−descriptions and synonyms. Transactions of the Academy of Sciences of St. Louis 7: 315-356.

Robertson C (1903) Synopsis of Sphecodinae. Entomological News 14(4): 103-107.

Sugar A, Finnamore A, Goulet H, Cumming J, Kerr JT, De Giusti M, Packer L (1999) A preliminary survey of symphytan and aculeate Hymenoptera from oak savannahs in southern Ontario. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 129: 9-18.

Graenicher S (1930) Bee-fauna and vegetation of the Miami region of Florida. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 23(1): 153-174.

Sociality: Parasitic
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: Ontario
Ecozone: Mixwood Plains