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Sphecodes coronus Mitchell, 1956


Scientific Name: Sphecodes coronus Mitchell, 1956

Common Name: Sphecodes coronus


Sphecodes coronus Mitchell, 1956: 215 [♂].

     Holotype ♂. USA, North Carolina, Wake County, 16 June 1955, by T.B. Mitchell, on Daucus carota [USNM no. 75238].

*Sphecodes canadensis Mitchell, 1956: 218 [♂]. Synonymy by Mitchell (1960: 483).

     Holotype ♂. CANADA, Quebec, Robeval, August 1910 [USNM no. 75236].

Sphecodes carolinus Mitchell, 1956: 219 [♀]. Synonymy by Gibbs et al. (2017: 94).

     Holotype ♀. USA, North Carolina, Grandfather Mt., 24 June 1954, by T.B. Mitchell, on Rubus [USNM no. 75237].

Sphecodes corolonus Sharkey, 2022: 128. Lapsus of Sphecodes coronus Mitchell, 1956.


Taxonomic Notes. The synonymy of S. carolinus under S. coronus was first confirmed through association of (carolinus) and ♂ (coronus) specimens using DNA barcodes by Sheffield et al. (2009: 200), supporting the unpublished association of M. Arduser (and see Sheffield and Perron 2014: 134). Gibbs et al. (2017: 94) formalized the synonymy, and are given credit, though they incorrectly recorded the type no. for S. carolinus as 76237.

Distribution in Canada: Mitchell 1956 [QC, as S. canadensis Mitchell, type locality], 1960 [QC]; Sheffield et al. 2009 [NS]; Normandin et al. 2017 [QC]; Gibbs et al. 2023 [MB]. BOLD [BC, MB, ON]; Discover Life [NB, PE].


Mitchell TB (1956) New species of Sphecodes from the eastern United States. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 72: 206-222.

Mitchell TB (1960) Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume 1. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 141: 1-538.

Normandin É, Vereecken NJ, Buddle CM, Fournier V (2017) Taxonomic and functional trait diversity of wild bees in different urban settings. PeerJ 5: e3051.

Sheffield C, Perron J (2014) Annotated catalogue of the bees described by Léon Provancher (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). The Canadian Entomologist 146 (2): 117-169.

Sheffield CS, Hebert PD, Kevan PG, Packer L (2009) DNA barcoding a regional bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) fauna and its potential for ecological studies. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 196-207.

Gibbs J, Hanuschuk E, Miller R, Dubois M, Martini M, Robinson S, Nakagawa P, Sheffield CS, Onuferko T (2023) A checklist of the bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Manitoba, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 155: E3.

Gibbs J, Ascher JS, Rightmyer MG, Isaacs R (2017) The bees of Michigan (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila), with notes on distribution, taxonomy, pollination, and natural history. Zootaxa 4352: 1-160.

Sharkey JK (2022) Restoring rarities: the impact of habitat management and restoration on native bee communities in tallgrass prairie and oak savanna in southern Ontario. MSc Thesis, University of Guelph, xv + 153 pp.

Sociality: Parasitic
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Shield, Mixwood Plains