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Sphecodes clematidis Robertson, 1897


Scientific Name: Sphecodes clematidis Robertson, 1897

Common Name: Sphecodes clematidis


Sphecodes clematidis Robertson, 1897: 320 [♀, ♂].

Lectotype ♀ [designated by W.E. LaBerge, in Webb 1980: 116]. USA, Illinois, Carlinville, 27 July 1891, by C. Robertson [INHS, Robertson no. 11617].

Sphecodes obscurans Lovell and Cockerell, 1907: 103 [♀]. Synonymy by Mitchell (1960: 481).

     Holotype ♀. USA, Maine, Waldoboro, “July”, by J.H. Lovell, on Aralia hispida [USNM no. 71593].

Sphecodes australis Mitchell, 1956: 213 [♂]. Synonymy by Mitchell (1960: 481).

     Holotype ♂. North Carolina, Mt. Mitchell, 6,000 ft., 26 June 1952, by T.B. Mitchell [USNM no. 75233].


Taxonomic Notes: Covell (1972: 16) incorrectly spells Waldoboro [Maine] as Waldeboro for the type location of S. obscurans Lovell and Cockerell.


Distribution in Canada: Criddle et al. 1924 [MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, as S. obscurans Lovell and Cockerell]; Mitchell 1960 [ON]; Sugar et al. 1999 [ON]; Sheffield et al. 2014 [MB]; Sheffield and Heron 2019 [BC]. Discover Life [PE]


Lovell JH, Cockerell TD (1907) The Sphecodidae of southern Maine. Psyche 14(5): 101-110.

Mitchell TB (1956) New species of Sphecodes from the eastern United States. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 72: 206-222.

Mitchell TB (1960) Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume 1. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 141: 1-538.

Robertson C (1897) North American bees−descriptions and synonyms. Transactions of the Academy of Sciences of St. Louis 7: 315-356.

Sheffield CS, Frier SD, Dumesh D (2014) The bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Apiformes) of the Prairies Ecozone, with comparisons to other grasslands of Canada. In: Giberson DJ, Cárcamo HA (Eds) Arthropods of Canadian Grasslands (Volume 4): Biodiversity and Systematics Part 2. 4. Biological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, 479 pp. [ISBN 978-0-9689321-7-9].

Sheffield CS, Heron JM (2019) The bees of British Columbia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Apiformes). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 115: 44-85.

Criddle N, Curran CH, Viereck HL, Buckell ER (1924) The entomological record, 1923. Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario 54: 87-102.

Sugar A, Finnamore A, Goulet H, Cumming J, Kerr JT, De Giusti M, Packer L (1999) A preliminary survey of symphytan and aculeate Hymenoptera from oak savannahs in southern Ontario. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 129: 9-18.

Sociality: Parasitic
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Shield, Mixwood Plains, Prairie, Western Interior Basin