Panurginus cressoniellus Cockerell, 1898
Scientific Name: Panurginus cressoniellus Cockerell, 1898
Common Name: Panurginus cressoniellus
Calliopsis clypeatus Cresson, 1878: 67 [♂]. Preoccupied, not Panurginus clypeatus (Eversmann, 1852) = Panurginus labiatus (Eversmann, 1852).
Holotype ♂. USA, Colorado, by Ridings [ANSP no. 2198].
Panurginus cressoniellus Cockerell 1898: 29. New name for Calliopsis clypeatus Cresson, 1878.
Panurginus verus Cockerell, 1901: 163 [♀]. Synonymy by Crawford (1926: 213), Cockerell (1912: 445), but see Cockerell (1922: 7).
Holotype ♀. USA, New Mexico [CAS no. 15420].
Panurginus Cressoniellus calochorti Cockerell 1906: 222 [♀]. Synonymy by Cockerell (1912: 445).
Holotype ♀. USA, Colorado, Ward, 9000 feet, 18 July 1905, by T.D.A. Cockerell, on Calochortus Gunninsoni, var. immaculatus .
Taxonomic Notes: Despite Cockerell (1898: 29) recognizing the preoccupied name of Cresson’s species, Crawford (1926: 213) continued to recognize Panurginus clypeatus (Cresson) as a valid species, and considered Cockerell’s P. calochorti and P. verus Cockerell, 1901 as varieties of Cresson’s taxon; the synonymy was made by Cockerell (1912: 445) who on the same page also indicated that his P. verus should be considered a variety (i.e., synonymy) of P. cressoniellus. In later works, Cockerell (1919: 291; 1922: 6) still regarded calochorti as a variety or subspecific taxon, though also (i.e., Cockerell 1922: 7) questioned his synonymy of P. verus. Michener (1951: 1097) and Hurd (1979: 1851) accepted this synonymy as tentative (“?”). It is accepted here until subsequent work can refute this.
DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:ADL9367
Distribution in Canada: Sheffield and Heron 2019 [BC].
Cockerell TDA (1906) Descriptions and records of bees—VIII. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 7 17(98): 222-230.https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930608562513
Cresson ET (1878) Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 7: 61-136.
Cockerell TDA (1898) Panurginus clypeatus. The Canadian Entomologist 30 (2): 29.https://doi.org/10.4039/ent3029-2
Cockerell TDA (1901) Some insects of the Hudsonian Zone in New Mexico—III. Psyche 9(298): 163-164.https://doi.org/10.1155/1901/34954
Hurd PD (1979) Superfamily Apoidea. In: Krombein KV, Hurd Jr PD, Smith DR, Burks BD (Eds) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, 2735 pp.
Sheffield CS, Heron JM (2019) The bees of British Columbia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Apiformes). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 115: 44-85.https://journal.entsocbc.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/1001/1097
Michener CD (1951) Subfamily Panurginae. In: Muesebeck CF, Krombein KV, Townes HK (Eds) Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico Synoptic Catalog. 2. United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Monograph, Washington. Pp. 1087-1104.
Cockerell TDA (1919) The bees of the Rocky Mountain National Park (Hymenop.). Entomological News 30: 286-294.
Cockerell TDA (1922) Bees of the genus Panurginus obtained by the American Museum Rocky Mountain Expeditions. American Museum Novitates 36: 1-10.
Crawford JC (1926) North American bees of the genus Panurginus. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 28: 207-214.
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva
Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available
Distribution: British Columbia
Ecozone: Western Interior Basin