Species

Scientific Name: Megachile parallela Smith, 1853

Common Name: Megachile parallela

Taxonomy

Megachile parallela Smith, 1853: 191 [♂‚]

     Holotype ♂‚. USA, Georgia, by F. Smith [BMNH no 1879-22]

Megachile facunda Cresson, 1872: 266 [♂‚] [synonymy by Hurd 1979: 2066]

     Lectotype ♂‚ [designated by Cresson 1916: 118]. USA, Texas, by G.W. Belfrage [ANSP]

Megachile 6-dentata Robertson, 1895: 125 [♂‚] [synonymy by ?]

     Holotype ♂‚. USA, Illinois, by C. Robertson [INHS]

Megachile verbesinae Cockerell, 1908a: 264 [♀] [synonymy byP.H. Timberlake, in Mitchell 1944: 132]

     Holotype ♀. USA, New Mexico, Upper Rio Grande, at Rinconada, 26 September [no year provided; 1898?], by T.D.A. Cockerell, on Verbesina exauriculata [CAS]

Megachile (Argyropile) parallela var. rita Mitchell, 1937a: 53 [♀] [synonymy by Mitchell 1937: 53]

     Holotype ♀. USA, California, Santiago, 19 September 1926, by P.H. Timberlake, on Ericameria parishii [USNM no. 44251]

Megachile parallela tulariana Mitchell, 1937a: 53 [♀] [synonymy by Mitchell 1937: 53; Gonzalez and Griswold 2007: 4]

     Holotype ♀. USA, California, Tulare County, Lemon Cove, 500 ft., 9-11 July 1907, by J.C. Bradley [Cornell University, no. 1111]

Megachile (Argyropile) asterae Mitchell, 1943: 13 [♀] [synonymy by Gonzalez and Griswold 2007: 4]

     Holotype ♀. USA, Utah, Kaibab Forest, 21 September 1938, by I. McCracken, on blue Aster [CAS no. 5233]

Megachile (Argyropile) parallela reta Mitchell, 1943: 16 [♀] [misspelling of M. parallela rita; synonymy by Gonzalez and Griswold 2007: 4]

 

Species Notes

Gonzalez and Griswold 2007 indicate the type locality for M. verbesina Cockerell is USA, Arizona, Sonoita, contrary to the published account.

 

References

Cockerell TDA (1908) XLII.—Descriptions and records of bees.—XVIII. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8) 1: 259‑267. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930808692398

Cresson ET (1872) Hymenoptera Texana. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4: 153-292. https://doi.org/10.2307/25076272 

Cresson ET (1916) The Cresson types of Hymenoptera. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 1: 1-141.

Gonzalez VH, Griswold TL (2007) A review of the North and Central American Megachile subgenus Argyropile Mitchell (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Zootaxa 1461: 1-14.

Hurd PD, Jr (1979) Superfamily Apoidea. Pgs. 1741-2209. In: Krombein KV, Hurd PD Jr., Smith DR, Burks BD 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Mitchell TB (1937) A revision of the genus Megachile in the Nearctic region. Part VI. Taxonomy of subgenera Argyropile, Leptorachis, Pseudocentron, Acentron and Melanosarus (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 63(1): 45–83.

Mitchell TB (1943) Records and descriptions in the megachilid subgenus Argyropile (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 19(1): 12–16.

Mitchell TB (1944) New species and records in Megachile (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 20(4): 132–143.

Robertson C (1895) Notes on bees, with descriptions of new species. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 22(2): 115‑128. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25076640

Smith F (1853) Catalogue of Hymenopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Andrenidae and Apidae. London. 197 pp. 

 

Sociality: Solitary
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Polylectic
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan
Ecozone: Montane Cordillera, Pacific Maritime, Prairie, Western Interior Basin