Holcopasites pulchellus (Cresson, 1878)
Scientific Name: Holcopasites pulchellus (Cresson, 1878)
Common Name: Nice Cuckoo Nomad Bee
Phileremus? pulchellus Cresson, 1878a: 84 [♀, ♂].
Lectotype ♀ [designated by Cresson 1916: 128]. USA, Colorado, by Ridings [ANSP no. 2233].
Neopasites Robertsoni Crawford, 1906: 283 [♀, ♂]. Synonymy by Hurd and Linsley (1972: 22).
Lectotype ♀ [designated by Linsley 1943a: 131, by mention]. USA, Nebraska, Lincoln, 27 August 1902, by M.H. Swenk, on Solidago [♀] [USNM no. ].
Neopasites robertsoni pubescens Linsley, 1943a: 131 [♂] [synonymy by Hurd and Linsley 1972: 22].
Holotype ♂. USA, New Mexico, Jemex Mountains, Gallina Creek, altitude 8,500 ft., 24 July 1930, by J.C. Chamberlin [CAS no. 4353].
Taxonomic Notes: Crawford (1906: 283, 284) did not designate a holotype for N. robertsoni Crawford from his type series consisting of a ♀ from Lincoln, Nebraska, and a ♂ from West Point, Nebraska. Linsley (1943: 131) recorded the type locality as Lincoln, Nebraska, corresponding to the ♀ at the USNM [USNM no. 13834], which was recorded as the type locality. As there are only two specimens in the type series, and only one is from Lincoln, this mention by Linsley serves as a lectotype designation. Hurd and Linsley (1972: 23) later examined both specimens held in the USNM (the only two specimens examined from Nebraska), but neither was indicated as a type specimen.
DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAK6011
Biology: Holcopasites are cleptoparasites of panurgine bees, and in Canada hosts include bees of the genus Calliopsis and Pseudopanurgus (Linsley et al. 1956; Hurd and Linsley 1972; Michener 2007).
Distribution in Canada: Linsley 1943 ["AB" = SK (Prince Albert), as Neopasites robertsoni Crawford); Hurd and Linsley 1972 [AB, SK]; Sheffield et al. 2014 [AB, SK].
Extent of Occurrence (EOO) in Canada (http://geocat.kew.org/): 247,933 km2
Index of Area of Occupancy (IAO) in Canada (http://geocat.kew.org/): 112 km2
Cresson ET (1878) Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 7: 61-136.
Michener CD (2007) The Bees of the World. 2nd Edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. xvi + 953 pp.
Sheffield CS, Frier SD, Dumesh D (2014) The bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Apiformes) of the Prairies Ecozone, with comparisons to other grasslands of Canada. In: Giberson DJ, Cárcamo HA (Eds) Arthropods of Canadian Grasslands (Volume 4): Biodiversity and Systematics Part 2. 4. Biological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, 479 pp. [ISBN 978-0-9689321-7-9].https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.3752/9780968932179.ch11
Cresson ET (1916) The Cresson types of Hymenoptera. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 1: 1-141.
Crawford JC (1906) Three new species of bees. The Canadian Entomologist 38(8): 282-284.https://doi.org/10.4039/Ent38282-8
Hurd PD, Linsley EG (1972) Parasitic bees of the genus Holcopasites Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoolology 114: 1-41.
Linsley EG (1943) A revision of the genus Neopasites (Hymenoptera: Nomadidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 69(2/3): 119-140.https://www.jstor.org/stable/25077508
Linsley EG, MacSwain JW, Smith RF (1956) Association of Holcopasites with Pseudopanurgus in Mexico (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae, Andrenidae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 32: 82.
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva
Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available
Distribution: Alberta, Saskatchewan