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Holcopasites calliopsidis calliopsidis (Linsley, 1943)


Scientific Name: Holcopasites calliopsidis calliopsidis (Linsley, 1943)

Common Name: Calliopsis Cuckoo Nomad Bee


Neopasites (Neopasites) calliopsidis Linsley, 1943a: 137 [♀, ♂].

     Holotype ♀. USA, Iowa, Sioux City, 9 June 1931, by C.N. Ainslee [ANSP no. 5013].

Neopasites (Neopasites) carinatus Linsley, 1943a: 127 [♀]. Synonymy by Hurd and Linsley (1972: 18, as subspecies).

     Holotype . USA, Texas, Hidalgo County, 30 July 1938, by R.H. Beamer [KSEM no. 3450].

Holcopasites pseudocarinatus Mitchell, 1962: 489 [♀]. Synonymy of Holcopasites calliopsidis calliopsidis (Linsley) by Hurd and Linsley (1972: 16).

     Holotype ♀. USA, Wisconsin, Madison, U. Hill Farm, 6 August 1946, by J.T. Medler, on sweet clover [NCSU].


Taxonomic notes: Linsley (1943a: 137) and Hurd and Linsley (1972: 16) indicate numerous instances where this species has been misidentified (e.g., Ainslie 1937: 99, as H. stevensi Crawford) prior to it being formally described.

Holcopasites calliopsidis carinatus (Linsley) is a subspecies found in southern Texas and adjacent Mexico (Hurd and Linsley 1972).

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAE5391

Biology: This species is a cleptoparasite in the nest of Calliopsis andreniformis (Swenk 1907; Robertson 1926; Ainslie 1937; Rozen 1966, 1967; Shinn 1967; Linsley 1943), and likely other panurgine bees (Hurd and Linsley 1972); Robertson (1926: 118) suspected that P. parvus and P. albitarsis may also serve as hosts to to overlapping flight times. A detailed study of exocrine products of both cleptoparasite and host was done by Hefetz et al. (1982).

Distribution in Canada: Pengelly, in McNally 1955 [ON]; Sheffield et al. 2009 [NS]; Normandin et al. 2017 [QC]; Gibbs et al. 2023 [MB]; BOLD [ON, NS]; Discover Life [ON, QC, NS, PE].



Normandin É, Vereecken NJ, Buddle CM, Fournier V (2017) Taxonomic and functional trait diversity of wild bees in different urban settings. PeerJ 5: e3051.

Sheffield CS, Hebert PD, Kevan PG, Packer L (2009) DNA barcoding a regional bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) fauna and its potential for ecological studies. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 196-207.

Swenk MH (1907) The bees of Nebraska.—III. Entomological News 18: 293-300.

Gibbs J, Hanuschuk E, Miller R, Dubois M, Martini M, Robinson S, Nakagawa P, Sheffield CS, Onuferko T (2023) A checklist of the bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Manitoba, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 155: E3.

Ainslie C (1937) Notes on the biology of two panurgine bees. The Canadian Entomologist 69(5): 97-100.

Hurd PD, Linsley EG (1972) Parasitic bees of the genus Holcopasites Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoolology 114: 1-41.

Linsley EG (1943) A revision of the genus Neopasites (Hymenoptera: Nomadidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 69(2/3): 119-140.

Hefetz A, Eickwort GC, Blum MS, Cane J, Bohart GE (1982) A comparative study of the exocrine products of cleptoparasitic bees (Holcopasites) and their hosts (Calliopsis) (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae, Andrenidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 8(11): 1389-1397.

Rozen JG (1966) The larvae of the Anthophoridae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Part 2. The Nomadidae. American Museum Novitates 2244: 1-38.

Rozen JG (1967) Review of the biology of panurgine bees, with observations on North American forms (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). American Museum Novitates 2297: 1-44.

Shinn AF (1967) A revision of the bee genus Calliopsis and the biology and ecology of C. andreniformis (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 46(21): 753-936.

McNally AG (1955) Exhibits at the Annual Meeting. Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario 89: 129.

Sociality: Parasitic
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec