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Heriades leavitti Crawford, 1913


Scientific Name: Heriades leavitti Crawford, 1913

Common Name: Leavitt s Armored-Resin Bee


*Heriades leavitti Crawford, 1913: 270 [♂].

     Holotype ♂. CANADA, New Brunswick, Nerepis, 22 August [no year provided], by A.G. Leavitt [USNM no. 16069].

Heriades crawfordi Graenicher, 1928: 281 [♀, ♂]. Synonymy by Michener (1938: 522) as a subspecies of H. leavitti Crawford; by Mitchell (1962: 50).

     Holotype ♀. USA, South Miami, 12 November 1924, by S. Graenicher [USNM no. 41795].


Taxonomic Notes: Michener (1938: 523) indicated that H. leavitti crawford Graenicher was a weak subspecies, though he was not very familiar with the typical form, though later still considered it a valid taxon by Michener (1951: 1152) and Krombein (1958: 235). Mitchell (1962: 50) listed it as a synonym, so is credited here.

The name Neotrypetes truncatus first appears many times in Robertson’s “Flowers and Insects” (Robertson 1929; the first useage in page 24) and subsequently in Robertson (1930: 155), though it was never described in compliance with the ICZN Code, and seemingly no type material exists (see Webb 1980); it was treated as a possible synonym of H. leavitti Crawford by Mitchell (1962: 50) who on page 51 indicated it was a manuscript name. It is best considered nomen dubium.

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAE3955

Distribution in Canada: Crawford 1913 [NB]; Gibson 1914 [NB]; Michener 1938 [NB]; Mitchell 1962 [NB]; Richards et al. 2011 [ON]; Normandin et al. 2017 [QC]; Rowe 2017 [ON, NB]. 


Krombein KV (1958) Superfamily Apoidea. In: Krombein KV. Hymenoptera of America North of Mexico Synoptic Catalog (Agriculture Monograph No. 2). First supplement . United States Government Printing Office, Washington. Pp. 204-261.

Mitchell TB (1962) Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume 2. North Carolina Agricultural Experimental Station Technical Bulletin 152, Raleigh, 557 pp.

Webb DW (1980) Primary insect types in the Illinois Natural History Survey Collection, exclusinve of the Collemboa and Thysanoptera. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 32(2): 55-191.

Crawford JC (1913) Some bees from New Brunswick, with description of a new species of Heriades. The Canadian Entomologist 45(8): 269-273.

Michener CD (1951) Family Megachilidae. In: Muesebeck CF, Krombein KV, Townes HK (Eds) Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico Synoptic Catalog. 2. United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Monograph, Washington. Pp. 1136-1186.

Michener CD (1938) American bees of the genus Heriades. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 31(4): 514-531.

Graenicher S (1928) New bees from the Miami region of Florida (Hymen.; Andrenidae, Megachilidae). Entomological News 39: 279-284.

Robertson C (1929) Flowers and Insects. Lists of Visitors of Four Hundred and Fifty-three Flowers. The Science Press Printing Company, Lancaster, PA. 221 pp.

Robertson C (1930) Proterandry and flight of bees (Hymen.: Apoidea). Second Paper. Entomological News 41(5): 154-157.

Sociality: Solitary
Nesting: Cavity Renter
Pollen Specialization: Polylectic
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: New Brunswick, Ontario
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Mixwood Plains

Distribution Map