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Heriades carinata Cresson, 1864


Scientific Name: Heriades carinata Cresson, 1864

Common Name: Carinate Armored-Resin Bee


Heriades carinatum Cresson, 1864: 383 [♀, ♂].

     Lectotype ♀, designated by Cresson (1916: 114). USA, Pennsylvania [ANSP no. 2242].

*Heriades glomerans Schletterer, 1889: 681 [♀]. Synonymy by Michener (1938: 524).

     Holotype ♀. CANADA [Nordamerika], British Columbia, Spence’s Bridge [Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France - MNHN].

Trypetes barbatus Robertson, 1903: 171 [♀, not ♂].Synonymy by Michener (1938: 524).

     Lectotype ♀, designated by W.E. LaBarge, in Webb (1980:118). USA, Illinois, Carlinville, 17 July 1888, by C.A. Robertson [INHS, Robertson no. 8125].


Taxonomic Notes: Schletterer (1889: 686) was the first to correct the suffix ending to -a.

Though Schletterer (1889: 682) indicated a type locality of “Nordamerika (Spence’s Bridge in British Columbia) for H. glomerans Schletterer, Dalla Torre (1896: 378), Friese (1909: 165) indicated it was an African species (“Afr. or.”), and Eardley and Urban (2010: 207) included it as a valid African species in their catalogue of Afrotropical bees.

Cockerell (1904: 25-26) synonymized Trypetes barbatus Robertson under H. gracilior Cockerell with uncertainty, making specific reference to the females. Robertson (1905: 236) indicated that the male of his T. barbatus was not associated correctly when first described, and described it as a new species, Trypetes productus Robertson [= Heriades variolosa (Cresson, 1872)]; both the male and T. productus were considered synonymies of Heriades variolosa (Cresson, 1872)] by Michener (1938: 519). Michener (1938: 524) indicated that Cockerell (1907: 253) incorrectly indentified H. carinata as H. gracilior Cockerell.

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAC2157


Distribution in Canada: Provancher 1882 [QC]; Crawford 1913 [NB]; Gibson 1914 [ON], 1917 [BC]; Michener 1938 [BC, AB, QC, NB]; Buckell 1950 [BC]; Hurd and Michener 1955 [BC, ON]; Mitchell 1962 [BC]; Sheffield et al. 2009 [NS], 2014 [AB, SK, MB]; Richards et al. 2011 [ON]; Elwell 2012 [BC]; Normandin et al. 2017 [QC]; Rowe 2017 [BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS]; Sheffield and Heron 2019 [BC]; BOLD [BC, AB, MB, ON, NS].


Robertson C (1903) Synopsis of Megachilidae and Bombinae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 29: 163-178.

Cockerell TDA (1904) Descriptions and records of bees. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 7 14(79): 21-30.

Cockerell TDA (1907) The bees of Boulder County, Colorado. The University of Colorado Studies 4: 239-259.

Dalla Torre CG (1896) Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Volume X: Apidae (Anthophila). Engelmann, Leipzig, 644 pp.

Webb DW (1980) Primary insect types in the Illinois Natural History Survey Collection, exclusinve of the Collemboa and Thysanoptera. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 32(2): 55-191.

Cresson ET (1916) The Cresson types of Hymenoptera. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 1: 1-141.

Schletterer A (1889) Monographie der Bienen-Gattungen Chelostoma Latr. und Heriades Spin. Zoologisches Jahrbuch für Systematik 4: 591-691.

Eardley C, Urban R (2010) Catalogue of Afrotropical bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apiformes). Zootaxa 2455: 1-548.

Friese H (1909) 8. Hymenoptera. 5. Apidae. In: Sjoestedts, B. Y. Kilimandjaro-Meru Expedition. Stockholm, 8: 119-168.

Cresson ET (1864) On the North American species of several genera of Apidae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 2: 373-411.

Michener CD (1938) American bees of the genus Heriades. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 31(4): 514-531.

Robertson C (1905) Some new or little–known bees.—V. The Canadian Entomologist 37(7): 236-237.

Sociality: Solitary
Nesting: Cavity Renter
Pollen Specialization: Polylectic
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Mixwood Plains, Prairie, Western Interior Basin

Distribution Map