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Epeolus compactus Cresson, 1878


Scientific Name: Epeolus compactus Cresson, 1878

Common Name: Compact Cellophane-cuckoo Bee


Epeolus compactus Cresson, 1878: 89 [♀, ♂].

     Lectotype ♀, designated by Cresson (1916: 115). USA, Texas, by G.W. Belfrage [ANSP no. 2227].

Epeolus crucis Cockerell, 1904: 39 [♀]. Synonymy by Onuferko (2018: 65).

     Holotype ♀. USA, New Mexico, Las Cruces, by C.H. Townsend [USNM no. 534043].

Epeolus hitei Cockerell, 1908: 60 [♀]. Synonymy by Onuferko (2017: 30).

     Holotype ♀. USA, Colorado, Boulder County, Copeland Park, 6 September 1907, by G.M. Hite [USNM no. 534045].

Triepeolus gabrielis Cockerell, 1909: 26 [♂]. Synonymy by Onuferko (2017: 30).

     Holotype ♂. USA, California, San Gabriel Mountains, near Pasadena, 15 July 1909, by F. Grinnell, Jr. [USNM no. 534044].

Epeolus geminatus Cockerell and Sandhouse, 1924: 315 [♀]. Synonymy of Epeolus gabrielis (Cockerell, 1910) by Cockerell (1935: 54); synonymy by Onuferko (2017: 30).

     Holotype ♀. USA, California, San Bernardino County, Mill Creek Canyon, 12 September 1923, by E.P. Van Duzee [CAS no. 1610].


Taxonomic notes: Onuferko (1917) incorrectly recorded the year of publication of Triepeolus gabrielis Cockerell as 1909; volume V (eight series) is dated 1910. Cockerell (1935: 54) originally synonymized E. geminatus Cockerell and Sandhouse under E. gabrielis (Cockerell).

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:ACU6228

Biology: Torchio and Burdick (1988) indicate that this species is a nest parasite of Colletes kincaidii Cockerell, 1898.

Distribution in Canada: Brumley 1965 [AB]; Sheffield et al. 2014 [AB]; Onuferko 2017 [BC, AB, SK], 2018 [MB].


Cockerell TDA (1910) Descriptions and records of bees.—XXIV. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 8 5(25): 22-30.

Cresson ET (1878) Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 7: 61-136.

Cockerell TDA (1908) New American bees.—VI. The Entomologist 41: 59-61.

Torchio PF, Burdick DJ (1988) Comparative notes on the biology and development of Epeolus compactus Cresson, a cleptoparasite of Colletes kincaidii Cockerell (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae, Colletidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(4): 626-636.

Brumley RL (1965) A revision of the bee genus Epeolus Latreille of western America North of Mexico. MSc Thesis. Utah State University, Logan, iii + 92 pp.

Onuferko TM (2017) Cleptoparasitic bees of the genus Epeolus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Canada. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification No. 30: 1-62.

Onuferko TM (2018) A revision of the cleptoparasitic bee genus Epeolus Latreille for Nearctic species, north of Mexico (Hymenoptera, Apidae). ZooKeys 755: 1-185.

Cresson ET (1916) The Cresson types of Hymenoptera. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 1: 1-141.

Cockerell TDA, Sandhouse G (1924) Parasitic bees (Epeolinae and Melectinae) in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4 13(19): 305-324.

Cockerell TDA (1935) Some California bees. The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 11(2): 49-54.

Cockerell TDA (1904) Some parasitic bees. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 7 13(73): 33–42.

Sociality: Parasitic
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Melilotus officinalis, Eriogonum umbellatum

Distribution: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
Ecozone: Boreal Shield, Prairie, Western Interior Basin

Distribution Map