Species

Scientific Name: Epeolus autumnalis Robertson, 1902

Common Name: Autumn Cellophane-cuckoo Bee

Taxonomy

Epeolus autumnalis Robertson, 1902: 81 [♀,♂‚]

     Lectotype ♀ [designated by W.E. LaBerge, in Webb 1980: 108]. USA, Illinois, Carlinville, by C. Robertson [INHS no. 44381].

 

Species Notes

The DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN) for this species is BOLD:AAF2361.

 

Biology

Ascher et al. (2014) and Onuferko (2017) suggest that Colletes compactus compactus Cresson is the likely host based on coinciding flight times and co-occurrence, supporting the eariler opinion of Brumley (1965).

 

Size

♀ body length:  mm; head length:  mm; head width:  mm; forewing length:  mm

♂‚ body length: mm; head length:  mm; head width:  mm; forewing length:  mm

 

Approximate Global Extent of Occurrence (EOO) (http://geocat.kew.org/): 2,133,487 km2

Index of Area of Occupancy (IAO) in Canada (http://geocat.kew.org/): 192 km2

 

 

Distribution in Canada

Onuferko (2017, 2018) recorded this species occurring in Ontario, and Nova Scotia.

 

References

Ascher JS, Kornbluth S, Goelet RG (2014) Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) of Gardiners Island, Suffolk County, New York. Northeastern Naturalist 21(1): 47–71. https://doi.org/10.1656/045.021.0105

Brumley RL (1965) A Revision of the Bee Genus Epeolus Latreille of Western America North of Mexico. M.S. thesis. Logan, Utah: Utah State University. iii + 92 pp.

Onuferko TM (2017) Cleptoparasitic bees of the genus Epeolus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Canada. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification No. 30: March 30, 2017. doi:10.3752/cjai.2017.30

Onuferko TM (2018) A revision of the cleptoparasitic bee genus Epeolus Latreille for Nearctic species, north of Mexico (Hymenoptera, Apidae). ZooKeys 755: 1–185. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.755.23939

Robertson C (1902) Some new or little known bees. Entomological News 13: 79–81.

Sociality: Parasitic
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Symphyotrichum ericoides, Solidago sp., Melilotus albus, Solidago nemoralis, Leucanthemum vulgare, Helianthus sp., Rudbeckia sp., Bidens sp., Euthamia graminifolia, Solidago altissima

Distribution: Nova Scotia, Ontario
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Mixwood Plains

Distribution Map