Scientific Name: Epeolus americanus (Cresson, 1878)

Common Name: American Cellophane-cuckoo Bee


Phileremus americanus Cresson, 1878: 83 [♀,♂‚]

     Lectotype ♀ [designated by Cresson 1916: 111]. USA, Colorado, by H.K. Morrison [ANSP no. 2235].

Phileremus montanus Cresson, 1878: 83 [♂‚] [synonymy by Onuferko 2017: 22; originally recognized by Brumley 1965: 28]

     Holotype ♂‚. USA, Nevada, by H. Edwards [ANSP no. 2231].

Epeolus lanhami Mitchell, 1962: 450 [♀] [synonymy by Onuferko 2017: 22; originally recognized by Brumley 1965: 28]

     Holotype ♀. USA, Michigan, near Saline, 26 June 1954, by U.N. Lanham [CUM no. 0000041].


Species Notes

The DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN) for this species is BOLD:AAB9110.



The host(s) for this cuckoo is unknown (Brumley 1965; Onuferko 2017, 2018), though Armbruster and Guinn (1989) collected only Colletes consors mesocopus Swenk co-occurring with this species. 



♀ body length:  mm; head length:  mm; head width:  mm; forewing length:  mm

♂‚ body length: mm; head length:  mm; head width:  mm; forewing length:  mm


Approximate Global Extent of Occurrence (EOO) (http://geocat.kew.org/): 10,051,210 km2

Index of Area of Occupancy (IAO) in Canada (http://geocat.kew.org/): 272 km2


Distribution in Canada

Onuferko (2017, 2018) indicate that this species is widespread in Canada, recorded from Yukon, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec; also known from Alaska (Armbruster and Guinn 1989).



Armbruster W, Guinn D (1989) The solitary bee fauna (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of interior and arctic Alaska: flower associations, habitat use, and phenology. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 62: 468–483.

Brumley RL (1965) A revision of the bee genus Epeolus Latreille of Western America North of Mexico. M.S. thesis. Utah State University, Logan, iii + 92 pp.

Cresson ET (1878) Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 7: 61–136. https://doi.org/10.2307/25076368

Cresson ET (1916) The Cresson types of Hymenoptera. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 1: 1–141.

Mitchell TB (1962) Bees of the eastern United States. Volume II. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 152: 1–557.

Sociality: Parasitic
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Leucanthemum vulgare, Salix exigua, Salix interior, Dasiphora fruticosa, Linum lewisii, Plagiobothrys sp.

Distribution: Alaska, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Shield, Mixwood Plains, Montane Cordillera, Prairie, Taiga Cordillera, Western Interior Basin

Distribution Map