Epeolus americanus (Cresson, 1878)
Scientific Name: Epeolus americanus (Cresson, 1878)
Common Name: American Cellophane Cuckoo Bee
Phileremus americanus Cresson, 1878: 83 [♀, ♂].
Lectotype ♀ [designated by Cresson 1916: 111]. USA, Colorado, by H.K. Morrison [ANSP no. 2235].
Phileremus montanus Cresson, 1878: 83 [♂]. Synonymy by Onuferko (2017: 22); originally recognized by Brumley (1965: 28).
Holotype ♂. USA, Nevada, by H. Edwards [ANSP no. 2231].
Epeolus lanhami Mitchell, 1962: 450 [♀]. Synonymy by Onuferko (2017: 22); originally recognized by Brumley (1965: 28).
Holotype ♀. USA, Michigan, near Saline, 26 June 1954, by U.N. Lanham [CUM no. 0000041].
DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAB9110
Biology: The host(s) for this cuckoo is unknown (Brumley 1965; Onuferko 2017, 2018), though Armbruster and Guinn (1989) collected only Colletes consors mesocopus Swenk co-occurring with this species.
Distribution in Canada: Cresson 1878 [Canada]; Brodie and White 1883 [Canada]; Onuferko 2017, 2018 [AK, YT, BC, AB, SK MB, ON, QC].
Onuferko (2017, 2018) indicate that this species is widespread in Canada, recorded from Yukon, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec; also known from Alaska (Armbruster and Guinn 1989).
Extent of Occurrence (EOO) in Canada (http://geocat.kew.org/): 3,686,727 km2
Approximate Global Extent of Occurrence (EOO) (http://geocat.kew.org/): 10,051,210 km2
Index of Area of Occupancy (IAO) in Canada (http://geocat.kew.org/): 272 km2
Cresson ET (1878) Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 7: 61-136.
Cresson ET (1879) Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 7: 201-214.https://doi.org/10.2307/25076373
Armbruster WS, Guinn DA (1989) The solitary bee fauna (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of interior and arctic Alaska: flower associations, habitat use, and phenology. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 62(4): 468-483.http://www.jstor.org/stable/25085123
Mitchell TB (1962) Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume 2. North Carolina Agricultural Experimental Station Technical Bulletin 152, Raleigh, 557 pp.
Brodie W, White JE (1883) Label list of insects of the Dominion of Canada. Natural History Society of Toronto. C. Blackett Robinson, Toronto.
Brumley RL (1965) A revision of the bee genus Epeolus Latreille of western America North of Mexico. MSc Thesis. Utah State University, Logan, iii + 92 pp.
Onuferko TM (2017) Cleptoparasitic bees of the genus Epeolus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Canada. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification No. 30: 1-62. https://doi.org/10.3752/cjai.2017.30
Onuferko TM (2018) A revision of the cleptoparasitic bee genus Epeolus Latreille for Nearctic species, north of Mexico (Hymenoptera, Apidae). ZooKeys 755: 1-185.https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.755.23939
Cresson ET (1916) The Cresson types of Hymenoptera. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 1: 1-141.
Pollen Specialization: Not Applicable
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva
Distribution: Alaska, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Shield, Mixwood Plains, Montane Cordillera, Prairie, Taiga Cordillera, Western Interior Basin