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Calliopsis andreniformis Smith, 1853


Scientific Name: Calliopsis andreniformis Smith, 1853

Common Name: Campus Miner Bee


Calliopsis andreniformis Smith, 1853: 128 [♀].

     Holotype ♀. USA, Florida, East Florida, by E. Doubleday [BMNH no. 17.a.1798].

Calliopsis flavipes Smith, 1853: 128 [♂]. Synonymy by Meade-Waldo (1916: 464).

     Holotype ♂. USA, Florida, East Florida, by E. Doubleday [BMNH no. 17.a.1799].

Calliopsis lepidus Cresson 1878: 68 [♀]. Synonymy by Mitchell (1960: 288).

     Holotype ♀. USA, Georgia, by Morrison [ANSP no. 2199].

Panurgus vernalis Provancher 1882: 204 [♀, ♂]. Synonymy by Provancher (1888: ).

     Lectotype ♀, designated by Sheffield and Perron (2014: 128). Location not specified [ULQC no. 945].

Calliopsis andrenoides Provancher, 1888: . Lapsus of Calliopsis andreniformis Smith, 1853.


Taxonomic Notes: Though the common name "Eastern Miner Bee" has been proposed for this species, Shinn (1967: 290) proposed that in be called the "Campus Bee" in recognition of it commonly nesting in bare, clay soil, making in common on almost any school campus playground. Here this is modified to Campus Miner Bee.

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAD2443BOLD:AAD2444

The two BINs associated with this species represent eastern (NS) versus central Canada (ON) records.

Diagnosis: In Canada, Calliopsis andreniformis is most similar to C. chlorops Cockerell, and C. coloradensis, both sexes of all three species lacking the pale metasomal maculations present in Nomadopsis Ashmead (represented in Canada by C. australior Cockerell, 1897,C. barri Rozen, 1959; and C. scitula scitula Cresson, 1878). Females of C. andreniformis have the prepygidial and pygidial fimbria darker in colour, versus pale yellow to white in C. chlorops and C. coloradensis. The clypeus of the female of C. andreniformis, though highly variable in colour patterning, is usually dark at base (i.e., at basolateral edges adjacent to supraclypeal area), while the clypeus is pale basally in females of C. chlorops and C. coloradensis). In addition, both sexes of C. andreniformis have the tegula unmaculated, versusmaculated in both sexes of C. chlorops and C. coloradensis.    

In addition to the lack of a pale maculation on the tegula, the male of C. andreniformis has dense, velvety hair patches on the scutellum and metanotum, which are absent in C. chlorops and C. coloradensis.

Biology: A detailed account of the biology and ecology of this species was provided by Shinn (1967).

Distribution in Canada: Provancher 1882 [Canada?, as Panurgus vernalis Provancher, type locality]; Crawford 1913 [NB]; Gibson 1914 [ON]; Criddle 1926 [ON, QC, NB]; Shinn 1967 [ON, QC, NB, PE, NS]; Sheffield et al. 2003, 2009 [NS], 2014 [SK]; Patenaude 2007 [MB]; Richards et al. 2011 [ON]; Normandin et al. 2017 [QC]; Gibbs et al. 2023 [MB].


Datasets Used: (11 May 2023) GBIF Occurrence Download

Body length: ♀ 7 - 7.5 mm ♂ 6 - 6.2 mm

Forewing length: ♀ 4.8 - 5 mm ♂ 4.6 - 5 mm

Sociality: Solitary
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Polylectic
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Shield, Mixwood Plains, Prairie

♀ <em>Calliopsis andreniformis</em> Smith; lateral view
Calliopsis andreniformis Smith; lateral view
♂ <em>Calliopsis andreniformis</em> Smith; lateral view
Calliopsis andreniformis Smith; lateral view

Distribution Map