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Bombus huntii Greene, 1860

Properties

Scientific Name: Bombus huntii Greene, 1860

Common Name: Hunt\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Bumble Bee

Taxonomy

Bombus Huntii Greene, 1860: 172 [♀].

     Holotype ♀. USA, Utah, by F.E. Hunt [presumed lost].

Bombus rufosuffusus Cockerell, 1905: 271 [♀]. Synonymy by T.D.A. Cockerell, in Franklin (1913: 319).

     Holptype ♀. USA, Colorado, Boulder, 10 June 1905, by W.P. Cockerell [USNM no. 40087].

Bombus hunterii Watson, 1911: 81, 115. Lapsus of Bombus huntii Greene, 1860.

Bombus laticinctus Franklin, 1913: 85 [♀, ♂].

     Holotype ♂. MEXICO, Meadow Valley, head of Rio Piedras Verdes (six miles south of Colonia Garcia), Sierra Madre of western Chihuahua, 7,000 feet, by C.H.T. Townsend [USNM no. 21108].

 

Taxonomic notes: The ♂ was described by Franklin (1913: 321, and on page 85, as Bombus laticinctus Franklin, 1913).

In the original description of the holotype of B. huntii Greene, 1860, Greene (1860: 172) indicated that the first tergum is bare medially, with tufts of yellow hair laterally, suggesting that hair may have been worn off in part. Franklin (1913: 391), Stephen (1957: 139), Thorp et al. (1983: 39), and Labougle (1991: 60) indicated the the type specimen of B. huntii was lost; Franklin (1913: 323), based on the original description alone, questioned whether or not Greene’s species was not just an extreme red form of B. edwardsii Cresson, 1878 [= Bombus melanopygus Nylander, 1848), but applied the name and considered Bombus rufosuffusus Cockerell, 1905 a synonymy, but cautioned that due to the uncertainty, Cockerell’s species may be chosen as the proper name. No neotype has been chosen to fix the name to a specimen and stabilize the taxonomy, though B. huntii is a distincitve species. Bombus rufosuffusus Cockerell, 1905 was later recognized as a variety of B. huntii by Frison (1926: 133) and Burks (1951: 1252), but later fully synonymized under B. huntii by Stephen (1957: 135).

Frison (1925: 149) considered Bombus laticinctus Franklin, 1913 from Mexico a variety of B. huntii, indicating that it differed from the typical form by the broader black band on the mesosoma; Franklin (1913: 85) also noted this similarity to B. huntii, indicating that he was unable to separate them structurally. Thorp et al. (1983: 39) seemingly accepted this synonymy (synonyms were not listed in that work), indicating that B. huntii ranged south into northern Chicuahua, Mexico. Labougle (1991: 59) subsequently listed Bombus laticinctus as a synonym of B. huntii, which he considered uncommon in Mexico, but this was not based on examination of the type specimen, but instead comparison of males from Mexio to those from the southwestern USA; no Mexican specimens of B. huntii have yet been DNA barcoded, though it clearly ranges close to the border. Others have seemingly not accepted the synonymy (e.g., Stephen 1957: 135; Moure et al. 2007: 79, in fact it does not appear at all in that work) and it considered a valid Mexican species elsewhere (i.e., GBIF). Though Webb (1980: 111) considered the type materials of B. laticinctus as syntypes (with one female syntype at INHS), Franklin (1913: 85) clearly intended the single male specimen (at the USNM) as the “type”, with the seven workers indicated in that work as “cotypes”.

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN):BOLD:AAF6250

Biology: Medler (1959) and Hobbs (1967) described the nest.

Distribution in Canada: Fletcher and Gibson 1908 [AB]; Gibson 1911, 1915 [SK]; Crawford 1912 [AB]; Franklin 1913 [BC, Vancouver Island); Cockerell 1936 [AB]; Buckell 1951 [BC]; Burks 1951 [AB, and as B. huntii var. rufosuffusus Cockerell]; Stephen 1957 [BC]; Thorp et al. 1983 [BC, SK]; Elwell 2012 [BC]; Sheffield et al. 2014 [AB, SK, MB]; Williams et al. 2014 [BC, AB, SK, MB]; Gibbs et al. 2023 [MB]; Genevieve Rowe [ON, Cory has seen photo of specimen]; BOLD [BC, SK, MB].

 

References

Sheffield CS, Frier SD, Dumesh D (2014) The bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Apiformes) of the Prairies Ecozone, with comparisons to other grasslands of Canada. In: Giberson DJ, Cárcamo HA (Eds) Arthropods of Canadian Grasslands (Volume 4): Biodiversity and Systematics Part 2. 4. Biological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, 479 pp. [ISBN 978-0-9689321-7-9].https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.3752/9780968932179.ch11

Crawford JC (1912) Notes on some Canadian bees. The Canadian Entomologist 44(12): 359-360.https://doi.org/10.4039/Ent44359-12

Gibbs J, Hanuschuk E, Miller R, Dubois M, Martini M, Robinson S, Nakagawa P, Sheffield CS, Onuferko T (2023) A checklist of the bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Manitoba, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 155: E3.https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2022.45

Webb DW (1980) Primary insect types in the Illinois Natural History Survey Collection, exclusinve of the Collemboa and Thysanoptera. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 32(2): 55-191.

Williams PH, Thorp RW, Richardson LL, Colla SR (2014) Bumble Bees of North America. An Identification Guide. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 208 pp.

Burks BD (1951) Tribe Bombini. In: Muesebeck CF, Krombein KV, Townes HK (Eds) Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico Synoptic Catalog. 2. United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Monograph, Washington. Pp. 1247-1255.

Elwell SL (2012) The effects of livestock grazing and habitat type on plant-pollinator communities of British Columbia’s Endangered Shrubsteppe. MSc Thesis, Simon Fraser University. X + 110 pp.

Greene JW (1860) Review of the American Bombidae, together with a description of several species heretofore undescribed, being a synopsis of the species of the family of hymenopterous insects thus far known to inhabit North America. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York 7(1): 168-176. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1862.tb00152.x

Thorp RW, Horning, DS, Dunning LL (1983) Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23: 1-79.

Franklin HJ (1913a) The Bombidae of the New World. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 38(3/4): 177-486. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25076901

Franklin HJ (1913b) The Bombidae of the New World. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 39(2): 73-200. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25076909

Watson JR (1911) A contribution to the study of the ecological distribution of animal life of north central New Mexico with especial attention to the insects. The Natural Resources Survey of The Conservation and Natural Resources Commission of New Mexico 1: 67-117.

Cockerell TDA (1905) New bees from Colorado. Entomological News 16: 270-272.

Buckell ER (1951) Record of bees from British Columbia: Bombidae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 47: 7 24.

Frison TH (1925) Contribution to the classification of the Bremidae (bumble-bees) of Central and South America. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 51(2): 137-165. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25077130

Frison TH (1926a) Descriptions and records of North American Bremidae, together with notes on the synonymy of certain species (Hymenoptera). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 52: 129-145.https://www.jstor.org/stable/25077159

Stephen WP (1957) Bumble bees of western America (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Oregon State College Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 40: 1-163.

Sociality: Eusocial
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Polylectic
Wintering Stage: Mated Female

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Salix sp.

Distribution: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan
Ecozone: Boreal Plains, Boreal Shield, Montane Cordillera, Prairie, Western Interior Basin

Distribution Map