female; lateral view

Scientific Name: Anthophora bomboides Kirby, 1838

Common Name: Bumble-bee-mimic Digger Bee


Anthophora bomboides Kirby, in Richardson 1837: 271 [♂]

     Holotype ♂. CANADA?, Lat[itude]. 65°

Anthophora canadensis Cresson, 1869: 292 [♂] [synonymy by Cresson 1879: 227, as subspecies of A. bomboides Kirby].

     Holotype ♂. CANADA, Ontario, by J. Pettit [ANSP]

Anthophora sodalis Cresson, 1879: 212 [♂‚]

     Holotype ♂‚. USA, Nevada, by Morrison [ANSP]

Anthophora insularis Smith, 1879: 124 [♀] [preoccupied, not A. insularis ]

     Holotype ♀. CANADA, British Columbia, Vancouver s Island [BMNH]

Anthophora solitaria Ritsema, in Albarda et al. 1880: xcviii [new name for A. insularis Smith]

Anthophora bomboides var. neomexicana Cockerell, 1900: 408 [♂‚,♀]

     Syntypes ♂‚,♀. USA, New Mexico, Las Vegas, 18 June [no year provided], by T.D.A. Cockerell, on alfalfa [♂‚]; New Mexico, Las Vegas, 8 July [no year provided], by W. Porter, on Lycium vulgare [2♀]; New Mexico, Beulah, 30 May [no year provided], by W. Porter [1♀]; New Mexico, Las Vegas, 3 June [no year provided], by R. Devine [1♀] []

Anthophora stanfordiana Cockerell, 1904: 32 [♀,♂‚]

     Syntypes ♀,♂‚. USA, California, Stanford, campus of Standord University, 17 May 1892, by W.G. Johnson

Anthophora fumipennis Swenk, 1909: 391 [♀]

     Holotype ♀. USA, Nebraska, Cass County [University of Nebraska State Museum]

Anthophora scutellaris Swenk, 1909: 391 [♀]

     Holotype ♀. USA, Nebraska, Sioux County, by L. Bruner [University of Nebraska State Museum] 

Anthophora bomboides Willingi Cockerell, 1911: 34 [♂‚] [synonymy of A. b. bomboides Kirby by Brooks 1983: 37]

     Holotype ♂‚. Canada, Saskatchewan, Prince Albert, 18 June 1905, by T.N. Willing

Anthrophora bomboides willingi Gibson, 1912: 107. Lapsus calami

Anthophora (Anthemoessa) raui Rohwer, 1923: 100 [♀,♂‚]

     Holotype ♀. USA, Missouri, St. Louis, by P. Rau [no. 4161] [USNM no. 25588]

Anthophora aterrima Cockerell, 1924: 51 [♀,♂‚]

     Holotype ♀. USA, California, Plumas County, Meadow Valley, 3500 to 4000 feet, June 1924, by E.C. Van Duzee [USNM no. CAS no. 1576]


Species Notes

The original common name attributed to this species by Kirby (1837) was the Humble-bee Anthophora.

The DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN) for this species is BOLD:AAC0461. An additional BIN [BOLD:AAC0462] exists for a dark form from California, corresponding to the subspecies Anthophora bomboides stanfordiana Cockerell.



Nematode parasites of subspecies stanfordiana Cockerell were studied by Giblin and Kaya (1983a and b).



Albarda W, Bijleveld RT, Career AW Jr, Dreessens WH, Everts EJG, Groll HW, van Zouteveen HHH, Kinker J, Leesberg AFA, van Leeuwen J Jr, Lodeesen JW, Maitland RT, Piaget E, Ritsema C, Swierstra KN, Veth PJ, Veth HJ, van der Wulp FM. (1880) Verslag van de Dertiende Wintervergadering der Nederlandsche Entomologische Vereeniging, Gehouden te Leiden op Zondag 28 December 1879, des morgens ten 11 ure. Tijdschrift voor entomologie 23: lxxxvi-xcix.

Cockerell TDA (1904) Two new bees. Entomological News 15: 32-34. 

Cockerell TDA (1911) Some bees from western Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 43 (1): 33‑34. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/Ent4333-1

Cockerell TDA (1924) Anthophorid bees in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 1(2): 49-56.

Cresson ET (1869) A list of the North American species of the genus Anthophora, with descriptions of new species. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 2: 289-293. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25076210

Cresson ET (1879) Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 7:201-214. https://doi.org/10.2307/25076373

Giblin RM, Kaya HK (1983a) Bursaphelenchus seani n. sp. (Nematoda : Aphelenchoididae), a phoretic associate of Anthophora bomboides stanfordiana Cockerell, 1904 (Hymenoptera : Anthophoridae). Revue de Nématologie 6(1): 39-50.

Giblin RM, Kaya HK (1983b) Field observations on the association of Anthophora bomboides stanfordiana (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae) with the nematode Bursaphelenchus seani (Aphelenchida: Aphelenchoididae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 76(1): 228–231. https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/76.2.228

Kirby W (1837) Fauna Boreali-Americana. Part the Fourth and Last. The Insects. Norwich, London, 325 pp.

Rohwer SA (1923) New aculeate Hymenoptera from the United States. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 25: 96-103.

Smith F (1879) Descriptions of New Species of Hymenoptera in the Collection of the British Museum. London. xxi + 240 pp.

Swenk MH (1909) Three new bees of the genus Anthophora. Entomological News 20: 390-391. 

Sociality: Solitary
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Polylectic
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: Alaska, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Cordillera, Boreal Plains, Boreal Shield, Mixwood Plains, Montane Cordillera, Pacific Maritime, Prairie, Taiga Cordillera, Taiga Plains, Taiga Shield, Western Interior Basin