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Andrena wheeleri Graenicher, 1904


Scientific Name: Andrena wheeleri Graenicher, 1904

Common Name: Wheeler\\\'s Miner Bee


Andrena wheeleri Graenicher, 1904: 65 [♀, ♂].

     Lectotype ♀, designated by Cresson (1928: 65). USA, Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 8 June 1903, by S. Graenicher [ANSP no. 4018].

*Andrena wheeleri pallidior Cockerell, 1938: 7 [♀]. Synonymy by Mitchell (1960: 246).

     Holotype ♀. CANADA, Alberta, Wabamum, 1 July 1931, by E.H. Strickland [CNC no. 4330].

Andrena (?Leucandrena) chippewaensis Mitchell, 1960: 212 [♀]. Synonymy by Gibbs et al. (2017: 26).

     Holotype ♀. USA, Michigan, Chippewa County, 3 June 1957, by R. Dreisbach and K. Dreisbach [USNM no. 75173].


Taxonomic notes: LaBerge (1989: 16) incorrectly recorded the holotype catalogue number of A. wheeleri Graenicher as 4018.

Distribution in Canada: Criddle et al. 1924 [MB, ON]; Cockerell 1938 [AB, as A. pallidior Cockerell, type locality]; Knerer and Atwood 1963, 1964 [ON]; LaBerge 1989 [BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS]; Sheffield et al. 2003, 2009 [NS], 2014 [AB, MB]; Richards et al. 2011 [ON]; Normandin et al. 2017 [QC]; Sheffield and Heron 2019 [BC]; Gibbs et al. 2023 [MB].


Atwood CE (1934) The genera Halictus and Andrena in western Nova Scotia. Canadian Journal of Research 10(2): 199-220.

Cockerell TDA (1938) The bees of Alberta VII. The Canadian Entomologist 70(4): 70-71.

Graenicher S (1903) New bees of the genus Andrena. The Canadian Entomologist 35(6): 162-166.

Knerer G, Atwood CE (1964) An annotated check list of the genus Andrena in Ontario (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 95: 41-56.

LaBerge WE (1989) A revision of the bees of the genus Andrena of the Western Hemisphere. Part XIII. Subgenera Simandrena and Taeniandrena. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 115(1): 1-56.

Mitchell TB (1960) Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume 1. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 141: 1-538.

Normandin É, Vereecken NJ, Buddle CM, Fournier V (2017) Taxonomic and functional trait diversity of wild bees in different urban settings. PeerJ 5: e3051.

Richards MH, Rutgers-Kelly A, Gibbs J, Vickruck JL, Rehan SM, Sheffield CS (2011) Bee diversity in naturalizing patches of Carolinian grasslands in southern Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 143(3): 279-299.

Sheffield CS, Frier SD, Dumesh D (2014) The bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Apiformes) of the Prairies Ecozone, with comparisons to other grasslands of Canada. In: Giberson DJ, Cárcamo HA (Eds) Arthropods of Canadian Grasslands (Volume 4): Biodiversity and Systematics Part 2. 4. Biological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, 479 pp. [ISBN 978-0-9689321-7-9].

Sheffield CS, Hebert PD, Kevan PG, Packer L (2009) DNA barcoding a regional bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) fauna and its potential for ecological studies. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 196-207.

Sheffield CS, Kevan PG, Smith RF, Rigby SM, Rogers RE (2003) Bee species of Nova Scotia, Canada, with new records and notes on bionomics and floral relations (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 76(2): 357-384.

Gibbs J, Hanuschuk E, Miller R, Dubois M, Martini M, Robinson S, Nakagawa P, Sheffield CS, Onuferko T (2023) A checklist of the bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Manitoba, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 155: E3.

Sheffield CS, Heron JM (2019) The bees of British Columbia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Apiformes). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 115: 44-85.

Criddle N, Curran CH, Viereck HL, Buckell ER (1924) The entomological record, 1923. Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario 54: 87-102.

Cresson ET (1928) The types of Hymenoptera in the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia other than those of Ezra T. Cresson. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 5: 1-90.

Gibbs J, Ascher JS, Rightmyer MG, Isaacs R (2017) The bees of Michigan (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila), with notes on distribution, taxonomy, pollination, and natural history. Zootaxa 4352: 1-160.

Sociality: Solitary
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Polylectic
Wintering Stage: Adult

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Salix sp., Vaccinium angustifolium, Vaccinium sp., Prunus sp., Rubus sp., Crataegus sp., Cryptotaenia canadensis, Prunus virginiana, Hackelia floribunda, Zizia aurea, Diervilla sp., Hesperis matronalis, Lomatium dissectum, Lomatium triternatum, Fallopia convolvulus, Rubus allegheniensis, Rubus idaeus, Sanicula marilandica

Distribution: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Plains, Boreal Shield, Mixwood Plains, Montane Cordillera, Prairie

female; lateral view
female; lateral view
male; lateral view
male; lateral view