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Andrena perplexa Smith, 1853


Scientific Name: Andrena perplexa Smith, 1853

Common Name: Perplexed Miner Bee


Andrena perplexa Smith, 1853: 118 [].

     Holotype ♀. USA, Georgia [BMNH no. 17.a.1379].

Andrena Belfragei Cresson 1872: 256 [♀]. Synonymy by T.B. Mitchell, in Krombein 1958: 215].

     Holotype ♀. USA, Texas, by G.W. Belfrage [USNM no. 1753]. Photos examined.

Andrena brunniventris Cresson 1872: 258 [] [synonymy of A. belfragei Cresson by Lanham 1949: 67].

     Holotype ♂. USA, Texas, by G.W. Belfrage [USNM no. 20363]. Photos examined.

Andrena viburnella Graenicher, 1903: 165 [♀]. Synonymy by LaBerge and Bouseman (1970: 560).

     Holotype ♀. USA, Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 29 May 1902, by S. Graenicher, on Viburnum lentago [ANSP no. 4077].


Taxonomic notes: Though LaBerge and Bouseman (1970: 560) are credited with the synonymy of Andrena viburnella Graenicher, 1903 under Andrena perplexa Smith, 1853, Viereck et al. (1904: 195) suspected as much.

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAK0391

Distribution in Canada: Provancher 1882 [Canada?]; Brodie and White 1883 [Canada]; Viereck et al. 1904c [BC, as A. viburnella Graenicher]; Criddle et al. 1924 [ON]; Knerer and Atwood 1964 [ON]; LaBerge and Bouseman 1970 [BC, ON]; Normandin et al. 2017 [QC]; Sheffield and Heron 2019 [BC].



Viereck HL, Cockerell TDA, Titus ESG, Crawford JC, Swenk MH (1904) Synopsis of bees of Oregon, Washington, British Columbia and Vancouver.-III. The Canadian Entomologist 36(7): 189-196.

Cresson ET (1872) Hymenoptera Texana. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4: 153-292.

Graenicher S (1903) New bees of the genus Andrena. The Canadian Entomologist 35(6): 162-166.

Knerer G, Atwood CE (1964) An annotated check list of the genus Andrena in Ontario (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 95: 41-56.

Krombein KV (1958) Superfamily Apoidea. In: Krombein KV. Hymenoptera of America North of Mexico Synoptic Catalog (Agriculture Monograph No. 2). First supplement . United States Government Printing Office, Washington. Pp. 204-261.

LaBerge WE, Bouseman JK (1970) A revision of the bees of the genus Andrena of the Western Hemisphere. Part III. Tylandrena. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 96(4): 543-605.

Lanham UN (1949) A subgeneric classification of the new world bees of the genus Andrena. University of California Publications in Entomology 8(5): 183-238.

Normandin É, Vereecken NJ, Buddle CM, Fournier V (2017) Taxonomic and functional trait diversity of wild bees in different urban settings. PeerJ 5: e3051.

Smith F (1853) Catalogue of Hymenopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London, 198 pp.

Brodie W, White JE (1883) Label list of insects of the Dominion of Canada. Natural History Society of Toronto. C. Blackett Robinson, Toronto.

Sheffield CS, Heron JM (2019) The bees of British Columbia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Apiformes). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 115: 44-85.

Criddle N, Curran CH, Viereck HL, Buckell ER (1924) The entomological record, 1923. Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario 54: 87-102.

Sociality: Solitary
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Polylectic
Wintering Stage: Adult

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec
Ecozone: Boreal Shield, Mixwood Plains, Montane Cordillera, Pacific Maritime

Distribution Map