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Andrena carolina Viereck, 1909


Scientific Name: Andrena carolina Viereck, 1909

Common Name: Carolina Miner bee


Andrena carolina Viereck, 1909: 126 [♀].

     Holotype ♀. USA, North Carolina [ANSP no. 4081].

Andrena (Andrena) longifacies LaBerge 1980: 469 [♀, ♂]. Synonymy by LaBerge (1986: 538).

     Holotype ♀. USA, Minnesota, Cook Co., Lake Saganaga, Conner s Island, 20 May 1964, by D.W. Ribble [INHS]


Taxonomic notes: LaBerge (1980) did not include A. carolina Viereck, 1909 in his revision of the subgenus, but described a new species, A. longifacies LaBerge, 1980 that he later found to be conspecific. 

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAD4042

Distribution in Canada: Criddle et al. 1924 [ON, QC, NB, NS]; LaBerge 1980 [ON, QC, NB, NS, NF]; Sheffield et al. 2003, 2009 [NS]; Hicks and Sheffield 2021 [LB].


Hurd PD (1979) Superfamily Apoidea. In: Krombein KV, Hurd Jr PD, Smith DR, Burks BD (Eds) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, 2735 pp.

LaBerge WE (1980) A revision of the bees of the genus Andrena of the Western Hemisphere. Part X. Subgenus Andrena. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 106(4): 395-525.

LaBerge WE (1985) A revision of the bees of the genus Andrena of the Western Hemisphere. Part XI. Minor subgenera and subgeneric key. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 111(4): 441-567.

Sheffield CS, Hebert PD, Kevan PG, Packer L (2009) DNA barcoding a regional bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) fauna and its potential for ecological studies. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 196-207.

Sheffield CS, Kevan PG, Smith RF, Rigby SM, Rogers RE (2003) Bee species of Nova Scotia, Canada, with new records and notes on bionomics and floral relations (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 76(2): 357-384.

Viereck HL (1909) A new species of Andrena. Entomological News 20: 126.

Criddle N, Curran CH, Viereck HL, Buckell ER (1924) The entomological record, 1923. Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario 54: 87-102.

Judd WW (1966) Studies of the Byron Bog in southwestern Ontario. XXVII. Insects associated with flowering blueberry, Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller. The Canadian Field Naturalist 80(4): 242-244.

Hicks B, Sheffield C (2021) Native bees (Hymenoptera; Apoidea) collected from Labrador, Canada. Journal of the Acadian Entomological Society 17: 20-24.

Sociality: Solitary
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Narrow Oligolecty
Wintering Stage: Adult

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Vaccinium angustifolium, Vaccinium sp., Hieracium sp.

Distribution: Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Plains, Boreal Shield, Mixwood Plains, Newfoundland Boreal

female; lateral view
female; lateral view

Distribution Map