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Andrena canadensis Dalla Torre, 1896


Scientific Name: Andrena canadensis Dalla Torre, 1896

Common Name: Canadian Miner Bee


Andrena simulata Provancher, 1888: 313 [♀, ♂]. Preoccupied, not Andrena simulata Smith, 1879.

     Lectotype ♀, designated by Sheffield and Perron (2014: 123). CANADA, Ontario, Ottawa [ULQC no. 1115].

Andrena canadensis Dalla Torre, 1896: 107. New name for Andrena simulata Provancher.

Andrena (Pterandrena) persimilis Graenicher, 1904: 66 [♀]. Synonymy by P.H. Timberlake, in Linsley (1951: 1059).

     Holotype ♀. USA, Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 24 August 1903, on Solidago canadensis [ANSP no. 10276].

Andrena canadensis oslarella Viereck and Cockerell 1914: 28 [♂]. Synonymy by Donovan (1977: 50).

     Holotype ♂. USA, Colorado, Denver, by Oslar [5562] [USNM no. 18141].


Taxonomic notes: Donovan (1977: 50) treated A. canadensis oslarella as a synonym of A. canadensis, though Lanham (1949: 212), Linsley (1951: 1059), and Hurd (1979: 1785) continued to recognize it as a subspecific taxon. Thus, Donovan (1977) is given credit for the synonymy, though it was originally described as a subspecies of A. canadensis.

DNA Barcode Index Number (BIN): BOLD:AAE1788

Though morphologically distinct, this species shares a BIN with A. nubecula Smith.

Distribution in Canada: Provancher 1888 [ON, as A. simulata Provancher, type locality]; Crawford 1913 [NB]; Gibson 1914 [ON]; Linsley 1951 [NS, as Andrena canadensis canadensis Dalla Torre, 1896]; Knerer and Atwood 1964 [ON]; Donovan 1977 [NT, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, PE, NS]; Hurd 1979 [NS]; Sheffield et al. 2003, 2009 [NS], 2014 [AB, SK, MB]; Gibbs et al. 2023 [MB].


Provancher L (1888) Additions et Corrections au Volume II de la Faune Entomologique du Canada Traitant des Hyménoptères. Quebec, Darveau.

Dalla Torre CG (1896) Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Volume X: Apidae (Anthophila). Engelmann, Leipzig, 644 pp.

Hurd PD (1979) Superfamily Apoidea. In: Krombein KV, Hurd Jr PD, Smith DR, Burks BD (Eds) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, 2735 pp.

Knerer G, Atwood CE (1964) An annotated check list of the genus Andrena in Ontario (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 95: 41-56.

Lanham UN (1949) A subgeneric classification of the new world bees of the genus Andrena. University of California Publications in Entomology 8(5): 183-238.

Sheffield C, Perron J (2014) Annotated catalogue of the bees described by Léon Provancher (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). The Canadian Entomologist 146 (2): 117-169.

Sheffield CS, Frier SD, Dumesh D (2014) The bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Apiformes) of the Prairies Ecozone, with comparisons to other grasslands of Canada. In: Giberson DJ, Cárcamo HA (Eds) Arthropods of Canadian Grasslands (Volume 4): Biodiversity and Systematics Part 2. 4. Biological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, 479 pp. [ISBN 978-0-9689321-7-9].

Sheffield CS, Hebert PD, Kevan PG, Packer L (2009) DNA barcoding a regional bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) fauna and its potential for ecological studies. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 196-207.

Sheffield CS, Kevan PG, Smith RF, Rigby SM, Rogers RE (2003) Bee species of Nova Scotia, Canada, with new records and notes on bionomics and floral relations (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 76(2): 357-384.

Viereck HL, Cockerell TD (1914) New North American bees of the genus Andrena. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 48: 1-58.

Gibbs J, Hanuschuk E, Miller R, Dubois M, Martini M, Robinson S, Nakagawa P, Sheffield CS, Onuferko T (2023) A checklist of the bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Manitoba, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 155: E3.

Crawford JC (1913) Some bees from New Brunswick, with description of a new species of Heriades. The Canadian Entomologist 45(8): 269-273.

Linsley EG (1951) Subfamily Andreninae. In: Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico Synoptic Catalog. Edited by CFW Muesebeck, KV Krombein, and HK Townes. USDA Agricultural Monograph No. 2, Washington, D.C. pp 1052–1086.

Gibson A (1914) The entomological record, 1913. Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario 44: 106-129.

Graenicher S (1904) Wisconsin bees: genus Andrena. Entomological News 15: 64-67.

Donovan BJ (1977) A revision of North American bees of the subgenus Cnemidandrena (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). University of California Publications in Entomology 81: vi + 107.

Sociality: Solitary
Nesting: Ground
Pollen Specialization: Broad Oligolecty
Wintering Stage: Mature Larva

Crop Preference: Not Available
Non Crop Preference: Not Available

Distribution: Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan
Ecozone: Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Plains, Boreal Shield, Mixwood Plains, Prairie, Taiga Plains